The Official History of the FIFA World Cup Book, revised and updated to include a full report on the outstanding FIFA World Cup Russia, is an authoritative. Look back at all 20 World Cup tournaments, starting from the very first game, in the only officially endorsed history from FIFA! No event in the sporting. Die FIFA Fussball-Weltmeisterschaft fand erstmals statt, als die FIFA, der weltweite Fußballverband, beschloss, ein internationales Männerfußballturnier im Zeitalter von FIFA-Präsident Jules Rimet auszurichten, der diese Idee umsetzte.
FIFA World Cup Official Illustrated HistoryMany translated example sentences containing "World Cup history" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Look back at all 20 World Cup tournaments, starting from the very first game, in the only officially endorsed history from FIFA! No event in the sporting. This blog post was authored by Igor Peev, Senior Program Manager who enjoys working on challenging projects that deliver new, innovative ways to analyze.
World Cup History World Cup by continents VideoHistory of the FIFA World Cup (1930-2018) The World Cupheld in Switzerland, was the first to be televised. The cup was won by France, who beat Croatia 4—2 in Wie Macht Man Ein Screenshot final. Brazil's Ronaldo yellow shirt maneuvering around opposing German players during the Arescasino match of the World Cup, held in Yokohama, Japan; Brazil defeated Germany, 2—0.
This cup was permanently awarded in to then three-time winner Brazil , , and , and a new trophy called the FIFA World Cup was put up for competition.
For a list of World Cup champions, see table. Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login.
External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The winners of each group advanced to the semi-finals.
The group match between Kuwait and France was stage of a farcical incident. As the French were leading 3—1, the Kuwaiti team stopped playing after hearing a whistle from the stands which they thought had come from referee, as French defender Maxime Bossis scored.
As the Kuwaiti team were protesting the goal, Sheikh Fahid Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, president of the Kuwait Football Association , rushed onto the pitch and gave the referee a piece of his mind, who proceeded to disallow the goal.
Bossis scored another valid goal a few minutes later and France won 4—1. Also during the group stages, Hungary beat El Salvador 10—1 , which has been the only occasion to this day that a team scored ten goals in a World Cup match.
The semi-final between West Germany and France saw another controversy when German keeper Harald Schumacher 's challenge took out Patrick Battiston , with the score at 1—1.
Schumacher escaped a red card, and Germany won in a penalty shoot-out, after coming back to level from having gone 1—3 down. Italian striker Paolo Rossi , who was making his comeback after a match-fixing scandal and the ensuing ban, was the tournament top-scorer with six goals including a classic hat-trick against Brazil.
Because of Colombia 's withdrawal to host the tournament, Mexico became the first nation to hold two World Cups by hosting the World Cup. The format changed again, with the second round being replaced by a pre-quarterfinal, knockout competition, for which 16 teams would qualify.
It was also decided that the final two matches in all groups would kick off simultaneously, to ensure complete fairness. Canada , Denmark and Iraq made their first finals.
The quarterfinal match between England and Argentina is remembered for two remarkable Diego Maradona goals, later regarded as player of the tournament, the first, the controversial handball goal , and the second, considered to be the Goal of the Century , in which he dribbled half the length of the field past five English players before scoring.
The World Cup was held in Italy. Cameroon, participating in their second World Cup, made it to the quarter-finals after beating Argentina in the opening game.
No African country had ever reached the quarter-finals before. Mexico was unable to compete in the World Cup preliminary competition as a result of a two-year ban for age fraud at a youth championship, an incident known as Los Cachirules.
An unpleasant episode marred the South American qualifiers : during the match between Brazil and Chile , a firework landed close to the Chilean goalkeeper Roberto Rojas , who then feigned injury by cutting his own face with a razor blade he had hidden in his glove.
His team refused to continue the match as they were down a goal at the time. The plot was discovered and resulted in a year suspension for Rojas and to Chile being banned from the World Cup.
After finishing runners-up in the two previous tournaments, West Germany beat Argentina 1—0 in the final to record their third title.
The Republic of Ireland also made their first appearance in the tournament, reaching the quarter-finals without winning a single game four draws, with a penalty shoot-out win over Romania in the second round.
This is the furthest a team has ever advanced in the World Cup without winning a game. Colombia qualified unexpectedly defeating Argentina Japan narrowly missed a ticket to the World Cup after drawing with Iraq in the final match of the qualification round, remembered by fans as the " Agony of Doha ".
As a result, South Korea qualified to the tournament. Russia taking the place of the Soviet Union which had disintegrated over and played their first World Cup competition as a new country, with Greece , Nigeria and Saudi Arabia as the other first-timers.
Diego Maradona was banned mid-tournament after testing positive for cocaine : without him, Argentina were eliminated in the last 16 by Romania.
The total attendance for the tournament of nearly 3. Oleg Salenko of Russia became the first player to score five goals in a single World Cup finals game in his country's 6—1 group stage win over Cameroon.
In the same match, year-old Roger Milla scored the only goal for Cameroon, becoming the oldest player ever to score in a World Cup match.
Hristo Stoichkov shared the Golden Boot as the joint top goal scorer in the tournament with Oleg Salenko six goals , as well as earning the Bronze Ball award.
He led Bulgaria to a shock 2—1 win over defending champions Germany in the quarter-finals, before losing 2—1 to Italy and losing the third place play-off to Sweden, 4—0.
The World Cup was held in France, and had an expanded format featuring 32 teams. Iran beat the Maldives in qualification by the widest margin in World Cup history — 17—0.
In the finals, the second round match between France and Paraguay witnessed the first golden goal in World Cup history, as Laurent Blanc scored to give the hosts a 1—0 victory.
Hosts France won the tournament by beating Brazil 3—0 in the final, as the Brazilian Ronaldo had health issues and therefore he hasn't impact on the match.
Debutants Croatia finished a commendable third. Australia defeated American Samoa 31—0 in a preliminary match — a new record for the margin of victory, and the highest-scoring match ever.
The tournament was a successful one for teams traditionally regarded as minnows, with South Korea , Senegal and the United States all reaching the last eight.
Brazil beat Germany 2—0 in the final for their fifth title. The World Cup was held in Germany. It was the first World Cup for which the previous winner had to qualify; the host nation s continue to receive an automatic berth.
Four African teams also made their debut in the world cup finals: Togo , Ivory Coast , Angola and Ghana who impressively made it to last 16 by beating the Czech Republic , third ranked in the world, 2—1, along with the United States 2—0, before losing to the defending champions Brazil 0—3.
First seed and holders Brazil and second seeded England were initially English bookmakers' favourites. A strong performance by Germany brought them as far as the semi-finals.
However, the final match-up was between Italy and France, in which French captain Zinedine Zidane was sent off in the last ten minutes of extra time for a headbutt to the chest of Italian central defender Marco Materazzi.
Italy went on to win 5—3 in a penalty shootout, the score having been 1—1 after 90 minutes and extra time. The World Cup was held in South Africa.
It was the first cup hosted on African soil, and the cup was won by Spain. The tournament was noted for its highly defensive opening matches, controversies surrounding goal-line technology, and the introduction of vuvuzelas.
Though considered as one of the tournament favorites, the Spaniards won the cup despite scoring only eight goals in seven games and losing their opening match to Switzerland.
David Villa led the squad in scoring with five goals. The World Cup was held in Brazil, marking the second time that Brazil hosted the competition.
The cup was won by Germany, who beat Argentina 1—0 in the final. The Netherlands defeated Brazil who lost to the eventual winners, Germany, 7—1 in the semifinals 3—0 in the bronze medal game.
Since , winners of the competition are also awarded the right to wear the FIFA Champions Badge , up until the time at which the winner of the next competition is decided.
Since the second World Cup in , qualifying tournaments have been held to thin the field for the final tournament. For each tournament, FIFA decides the number of places awarded to each of the continental zones beforehand, generally based on the relative strength of the confederations' teams.
The qualification process can start as early as almost three years before the final tournament and last over a two-year period. The formats of the qualification tournaments differ between confederations.
Usually, one or two places are awarded to winners of intercontinental play-offs. For example, the winner of the Oceanian zone and the fifth-placed team from the Asian zone entered a play-off for a spot in the World Cup.
This right was also granted to the defending champions between and , but was withdrawn from the FIFA World Cup onward, requiring the champions to qualify.
Brazil , winners in , were the first defending champions to play qualifying matches. The current final tournament has been used since and features 32 national teams competing over the course of a month in the host nation s.
There are two stages: the group stage followed by the knockout stage. In the group stage, teams compete within eight groups of four teams each.
Since , constraints have been applied to the draw to ensure that no group contains more than two European teams or more than one team from any other confederation.
Each group plays a round-robin tournament , in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group.
This means that a total of six matches are played within a group. The last round of matches of each group is scheduled at the same time to preserve fairness among all four teams.
Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Since , three points have been awarded for a win , one for a draw and none for a loss before, winners received two points.
However, of these combinations lead to ties between the second and third places. In such case, the ranking among these teams is determined as follows: .
The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with extra time and penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if necessary.
It begins with the round of 16 or the second round in which the winner of each group plays against the runner-up of another group.
This is followed by the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the third-place match contested by the losing semi-finalists , and the final.
On 10 January , FIFA approved a new format, the team World Cup to accommodate more teams , which consists of 16 groups of three teams each, with two teams qualifying from each group, to form a round of 32 knockout stage, to be implemented by The locations were controversial because South America and Europe were by far the two centres of strength in football and travel between them required three weeks by boat.
The decision to hold the first World Cup in Uruguay, for example, led to only four European nations competing. The decision to hold the second of these in France was disputed, as the South American countries understood that the location would alternate between the two continents.
This is done under an exhaustive ballot system. The national football association of a country desiring to host the event receives a "Hosting Agreement" from FIFA, which explains the steps and requirements that are expected from a strong bid.
The bidding association also receives a form, the submission of which represents the official confirmation of the candidacy. After this, a FIFA designated group of inspectors visit the country to identify that the country meets the requirements needed to host the event and a report on the country is produced.
The decision on who will host the World Cup is usually made six or seven years in advance of the tournament.
However, there have been occasions where the hosts of multiple future tournaments were announced at the same time, as was the case for the and World Cups , which were awarded to Russia and Qatar , with Qatar becoming the first Middle Eastern country to host the tournament.
For the and World Cups, the final tournament is rotated between confederations, allowing only countries from the chosen confederation Africa in , South America in to bid to host the tournament.
The rotation policy was introduced after the controversy surrounding Germany's victory over South Africa in the vote to host the tournament.
However, the policy of continental rotation will not continue beyond , so any country, except those belonging to confederations that hosted the two preceding tournaments, can apply as hosts for World Cups starting from Sixty matches will take place in the US, including all matches from the quarter-finals onward, while Canada and Mexico will host 10 games each.
Six of the eight champions have won one of their titles while playing in their own homeland, the exceptions being Brazil , who finished as runners-up after losing the deciding match on home soil in and lost their semi-final against Germany in , and Spain , which reached the second round on home soil in England won its only title while playing as a host nation.
Uruguay , Italy , Argentina , and France won their first titles as host nations but have gone on to win again, while Germany won their second title on home soil.
Other nations have also been successful when hosting the tournament. Switzerland quarter-finals , Sweden runners-up in , Chile third place in , South Korea fourth place in , and Mexico quarter-finals in and all have their best results when serving as hosts.
So far, South Africa has been the only host nation to fail to advance beyond the first round. The best-attended single match, shown in the last three columns, has been the final in 11 of the 21 World Cups as of [update].
Another match or matches drew more attendance than the final in , , , , —, , and The World Cup was first televised in and is now the most widely viewed and followed sporting event in the world.
The cumulative viewership of all matches of the World Cup is estimated to be For these companies and many more, being a sponsor strongly impacts their global brands.
Host countries typically experience a multimillion-dollar revenue increase from the month-long event. World Cup Willie , the mascot for the competition, was the first World Cup mascot.
In all, 79 nations have played in at least one World Cup. Uruguay, however, choose to display four stars on their badge, representing their two gold medals at the and Summer Olympics and their two World Cup titles in and With five titles, Brazil are the most successful World Cup team and also the only nation to have played in every World Cup 21 to date.
Italy and and Brazil and are the only nations to have won consecutive titles. West Germany — and Brazil — are the only nations to appear in three consecutive World Cup finals.
Germany has made the most top-four finishes 13 , medals 12 , as well as the most finals 8. European nations have won twelve titles, while South American have won nine.
Only two teams from outside these two continents have ever reached the semi-finals of the competition: United States North, Central America and Caribbean in and South Korea Asia in The best result of an African team is reaching the quarter-finals: Cameroon in , Senegal in , and Ghana in Only one Oceanian qualifier, Australia in , has advanced to the second round.
Brazil , Argentina , Spain and Germany are the only teams to win a World Cup outside their continental confederation; Brazil came out victorious in Europe , North America and and Asia In , Germany became the first European team to win in the Americas.
Only on five occasions have consecutive World Cups been won by teams from the same continent, and currently it is the first time with four champions in a row from the same continental confederation.
Italy and Brazil successfully defended their titles in and respectively, while Italy's triumph in has been followed by wins for Spain in , Germany in and France in Currently, it is also the first time that one of the currently winning continents Europe is ahead of the other South America by more than one championship.
At the end of each World Cup, awards are presented to the players and teams for accomplishments other than their final team positions in the tournament.
There are currently six awards: . An All-Star Team consisting of the best players of the tournament has also been announced for each tournament since Miroslav Klose of Germany — is the all-time top scorer at the World Cup with 16 goals.
He broke Ronaldo of Brazil's record of 15 goals — during the semi-final match against Brazil. West Germany's Gerd Müller — is third, with 14 goals.
Seven players have collected all three types of World Cup medals winners', runner- ups', and third-place ; five players were from West Germany 's squad of — including Franz Beckenbauer , Jürgen Grabowski , Horst-Dieter Höttges , Sepp Maier , and Wolfgang Overath — , Italy's Franco Baresi , , and the most recent has been Miroslav Klose of Germany — with four consecutive medals.
Zagallo won in and as a player and in as head coach. Among the national teams, Germany and Brazil have played the most World Cup matches , Germany appeared in the most finals 8 , semi-finals 13 , and quarter-finals 16 , while Brazil has appeared in the most World Cups 21 , has the most wins 73 and has scored the most goals From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Association football competition for men's national teams. The Olympic tournaments consisted, however, only of amateur teams — the World Cup became the "real deal".
The World Cup Teams with most titles and finals Statistics of all national teams that have won or played a final together with numbers of participation in World Cup, concerning the period One noticeable aspect in the World Cup history is that the home team has been over performing.
On six occasions have the home team won the competition. For example, Sweden in , reaching the final, and South Korea in , reaching the semi-finals.