Everything about Piranha || [Caring-Breeding-Feeding-Types]

Piranhas are very popular aquarium fish among
hobbyists. Piranhas are popular as pets thanks to their
incredible behaviour, beautiful appearance, and hardiness.Piranha are generally large
fish, though most species of Piranha are not nearly as large as most species of Pacu. Smaller species or Piranha reach around four
inches (10 centimeters) in length and larger species grow to about twelve inches (30cm). how to tell the gender
Adult Males will usually be a bit smaller, thinner fish. With a flatter belly when looking at the fish
as profile. Females are usually thicker & the belly dips
down more than a male again looking as profile. Female full of eggs will be fat to the point
you can see her ribs. They usually turn dark when the spawning mode
kicks in. how to care
To keep your Piranha healthy, first provide them with plenty of clean, warm water. Your Piranha’s temperature should be about
80° Fahrenheit (about 26.5° Celsius), and ideally should remain between 76° and 83°
F (24.5° and 28.5° C) so you need a heater and a thermometer. Keeping your Piranha too warm for long periods
of time will result in Oxygen deprivation, which can cause nerve damage, heart damage,
and can seriously hamper the immune system. Keeping them too cool or exposing them to
sudden chill can also hamper their immune system. An impaired immune system makes them more
susceptible to many diseases, from easily treatable Ick to more difficult diseases such
as dropsy or mouthrot. Keep your Piranha in a fish tank of at least
2 gallons capacity per inch of mature fish length (about 8 liters per 2.5cm), this provides
sufficient space for your Piranha so he can remain healthy, and this allows the fish tank
to help you keep healthy fish. I recommend a minimum of 25 gallons (95 liters)
for a Piranha aquarium, though larger varieties or multiple fish will mandate a larger fish
tank. Piranha are very messy fish, so aquarium maintenance
is paramount. Perform your weekly 10-15% water changes,
so that your Piranha always has clean water and any waste that is not processed by your
aquarium filter is removed. Your Piranha needs good filtration to keep
the water from becoming toxic, and you need to keep the filter(s) well maintained. When selecting a filter, remember to make
sure that the filter provides sufficient filtration for a fish tank with the large capacity that
your Piranha require. Many people use multiple smaller filters to
maintain a large fish tank like this. Using several smaller filters allows you to
stagger your filter maintenance so that you are not changing all of your filter media
at once and risking cycling your aquarium again. Remember, it is very important that your filters
provide sufficient filtration for your total aquarium volume.Piranha have odd companionship
requirements. As juveniles, Piranhas are schooling fish,
and should be kept in groups. However, as they mature, many varieties of
Piranhas become more solitary, and may attack others of the same species. Frequently, Piranhas can be kept with small,
peaceful fish such as neon Tetras and guppies, provided that the Piranha is large enough
and has been kept on a high quality diet so as not to consider these fish as food. In a large enough aquarium, Piranhas can be
kept with other larger fish, and the Piranhas will occasionally take a bite of a fin, but
should leave the other fish alone. how to breed
First, you will need a large tank for at least 5 adult piranhas 6 to 8 inches in length that
have been together for a few months. I would recommend at least a 125gallon tank
(if you want them all to survive through the spawning). Choose thick and thin piranhas of the same
length, thicker ones are females and thinner ones are males. This method of finding males and females is
not entirely accurate, but it is the closest you can get to find who the males and females
are other than seeing who lays the eggs and who fertilizes them. Breeding piranha is more pure luck than the
“right” conditions. However, more frequent and bigger water changes
seem to have a big effect on the success of breeding piranhas. The rainy season in the amazon is the time
when most fish spawn. The more frequent water changes simulate the
rainy season, probably getting the piranhas into breeding condition. Breeding piranhas can be hard, they do it
when they want to.One of the signs of piranha in breeding condition is that they lose all
their color and turn almost completely black. You may notice 2 of them starting to guard
a certain spot in the tank, while chasing off other piranha that come to close. If you observe 2 of them picking up gravel
in their mouth like they where digging for something, then they have already begun the
mating process (its best not to disturb your piranhas during this time). They will dig a pit as deep as they can and
may line it with small clippings from live plants (if any are in the tank). Then the male and female will hover over the
nest and align their bodies side by side and start rubbing their anal fins together, this
ritual can last for hours before any eggs or sperm is released. The female then releases eggs and the male
releases the sperm to fertilize them. The eggs then fall into the pit, the female
may leave the nest or stay close by, but the male is usually the one that takes responsibility
of guarding the nest and eggs. Piranha eggs hatch in 2-3 days, so be ready
for them!If your lucky enough to get this far, then its time to take care of the fry. Once the fry hatch move them into their own
tank, with water from the parents tank. You must be very carefull when doing this
though, piranhas become VERY aggressive and protective of the fry & eggs during this time. Keep the fry in a bare tank, with only a sponge
filter. The fry quickly absorb their yolk sac and
you will need to have food ready for them! You will have to feed them newly hatched brine
shrimp. what to feed
Remember that your Piranha is omnivorous (eats anything), so provide him with a varied diet. Many high quality processed fish foods are
available on the market today, and most frozen fish foods are also appropriate. In the wild, most Piranha eat primarily fins
and scales of other large fish, only opportunistically scavenging on an old carcass, and only seasonally
consuming large quantities of vegetable matter, so you are best off to try to duplicate this
in the aquarium environment. Provide a wide variety of processed, frozen,
and freeze dried foods and occasionally offer the Piranha fresh green vegetables, such as
sliced raw zucchini, spinach, and pieces of raw potato. Your fish should be able to consume all the
food you offer within two minutes of feeding (the exception to this being fresh vegetables,
which can be left for several hours before starting to decay). If there is food in your fish tank after this
time has elapsed, this contributes to poor water quality and make your Piranha more susceptible
to disease. Though Piranha will take live foods, feeding
live goldfish is always a bad idea. Feeder goldfish are not a very nutritious
food, and they are a good way to spread disease to your beloved Piranha. You only need to feed your Piranha once a
day. If you feed more than once a day you increase
the waste your fish are producing and also increase the risk of overfeeding, so it becomes
more important that you are performing your weekly 10-15% water changes and all necessary
filter maintenance. Providing a proper diet increases your Piranha’s
life expectancy and bolsters their immune system. Piranha, like any fish, are aware that they
are prey animals. In fact, this flightiness is the most likely
cause of an attack by a pet Piranha on its owner! In order to feel comfortable, they need to
have lots of hiding places. Piranha do not seem to be too particular about
their cover, however, you do want to make sure that you do not use any sharp or rough
decorations that your fish may get hurt on, in case your fish dart into them when startled. Like most other fish, they are more comfortable
and will come out more and be more active if you can provide them with 50-75% cover
– this means you should make half to three fourths of your aquarium space hiding places. Remember, if you use live plants to decorate
your Piranha tank, you may have fish grazing on the plants.


  1. flight experience June 16, 2017 at 12:12 am

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